F is for focus on the question
Addressing the question is a good place to start as it gives you a little time to think. It also helps as it helps you stay on topic – it’s very easy to go too far off topic when you get a tricky question. The examiner will be very hard on you if she thinks that your answer is a “prepared” one – so you do need to make sure what you say is relevant.
How do you do this? A simple strategy is to borrow some of the words from the question.
E is for explain why the question is hard
Here you let the examiner know why the question is hard for you. Don’t worry about that – we all get hard questions from time to time, it’s how you deal with them that counts. Explaining why the question is hard for you is intelligent because it allows you to expand your answer.
A is for analyse what you do know
This is where you expand your answer and where most of the language comes. The main idea is to focus on what you do know and relate it to the question – even if it doesn’t provide a direct answer. This is where you really shouldn’t be afraid to use your personal experience.
To see how this can work look at the example below. The person speaking doesn’t know whether marriage is becoming more or less popular but is able to talk about his friends’ attitudes to marriage and why it is NOT important to them.
R is for repeat the main idea
This can be a key stage. One danger is that if you just keep talking you get too far from the question. Here is where you come back to it and restate the main point.
It can really help to use a linking phrase here to show the examiner what you are doing. But I don’t recommend “in conclusion”, try instead something like:
So I guess I’d say that
So to answer your question
I’m not sure if this answers your question but
Example – marriage in your country
Look at this question and sample answer. Even though you may not have an answer to the question, it doesn’t mean that you can’t discuss it intelligently by talking about what you know.
Is marriage becoming less popular in your country?
I’m afraid I don’t really know whether marriage less popular or not. So I don’t have any immediate answer.
Perhaps it’s because I’m too young and it’s not something that I’ve thought about before. None of my friends is married or even engaged for that matter. We’re more concerned with finding jobs and getting on in our careers.
What I can say I suppose is this. Where I come from young people aren’t really concerned about marriage. A lot of people are in steady relationships and quite a few are living together and even buying houses or renting with their partners. That’s often just because it’s the only way they can find somewhere affordable to live.I think it may also be true that this is quite a recent phenomenon – I do know that my parents generation had to get married before they could live together. Times have changed a bit in that respect. Back then you had to get married if you wanted to live with someone.
So to come back to your question, I can only talk about my own experience – young people of my generation aren’t that keen on getting married. That might be a bit different to the past.
Notes – structure
See that each “section” opens with an explaining phrase showing the examiner what you are doing:
- I’m afraid I don’t know
- Perhaps it’s because
- What I can say I suppose is this
- So to come back to your question
It can help to stage your answer like this as these phrases help organise your thoughts and keep you on track. There’s a big danger that you get too far from the question if you just keep talking.
Notes – language
There is lots of language for the examiner to like here. While some of it is marriage language, you should also see that a lot of it is more general or relates to other topics. The only way you can get to these words is to keep speaking and use FEAR to conquer the fear of harder questions.