Listen to the podcast and answer the questions below:
1-On what basis might refugees be under persecution?
2-According to the recording which one is riskier for asylum seekers? Staying or fleeing their country.
3-What do citizens of developed countries fear about the cultural differences?
4-What is the cause of stricter migration laws?
5-Are migrants economically beneficial to the country they seek asylum in? why/why not?
6-How do politicians use migration to their advantage?
Complete the transcript
What is a Refugee?
A refugee, defined by the United Nations, is a person who is 1______ or unwilling to return to their country because of a well-founded fear of persecution based on their race, 2______, nationality, 3___________ or because they belong to a particular social group.
Why Do They Come?
Most refugees flee their country to escape 4_________. They often leave with their 5_________ and apply for asylum in another country. Many of them do not want to leave their own country, but have no choice. The journeys they undertake to reach a 6_________ may be almost as risky as staying in their own country. They would do anything to escape their suffering: crossing deserts, mountains, 7______ and rivers, sometimes using dangerous means of transport. They also hide in parts of ships that are too cramped, too hot and too 8______ for anyone to check. Many never arrive.
World Refugee Day
On the 20th of June each year people celebrate World Refugee Day. An important part of this celebration is the award given to a person or group who excels in helping refugee causes.
To Help or Not To Help?
There are an estimated 9_______ million refugees and asylum seekers in the world. Some countries in the world, especially the 10_____, are adamant against allowing too many refugees coming into their country. One worry is that there may be too many of them seeking 11_______ therefore causing a great problem for these developed countries. Their next worry is 12______. These refugees may fill their hospitals, their 13_______, take over their jobs as well as abusing their 14________. At the end of the day, some fear there could be no more resources left for the people of these developed nations. Another worry is the thought that the refugees might not be 15______. Also, the fact that the country they flee to is culturally different from their own makes the citizens of these developed nations feel that their culture is being stolen from them.
Criminal activity seems to be a growing 16______. People worry that asylum seekers who arrive penniless and without any documents might be criminals or involved in acts of terrorism. In many countries, new anti-terrorism laws have made migration legislation much stricter. Increasingly, governments are locking asylum seekers in detention centres regardless of their 17_____. Unfortunately, this causes further criminalisation as genuine asylum seekers resist what they see as injustice. However, protests and riots lead to criminal charges and prison sentences.
These negative assumptions are not true. First of all, numbers 18________ that Asia and Africa have the world’s highest influx of refugees. Secondly, most rich or developed countries’ economies rely on these refugees as they are the ones who are often more than willing to do the kind of work that no one else would even think of. Furthermore, the migrants tend to be very 19__________ and highly motivated at their jobs and are the backbone of agricultural labour. Thirdly, governments like to play with words such as ‘crime’ and ‘immigration’ to gain popularity with their citizens during elections. Moreover, after all the problems a refugee has faced fleeing his own country, the last thing he wants is to be mistrusted. Finally, it is 20_______ for the rich nations to claim that their culture is being swamped by refugees, considering that the refugees are in a minority there.
Perhaps politicians should remind themselves of the fact that, whether they are dealing with genuine asylum seekers or economic migrants, they are dealing with human beings, not numbers, and the people should be treated humanely.